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Cannabis, Pregnancy, & Postpartum

With adult use legalized in several states, and medical use in many more, some people mistakenly believe that cannabis is safe in pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, natural does not always equal safe.

References:

  • Chang, J. C., Tarr, J. A., Holland, C. L., De Genna, N. M., Richardson, G. A., Rodriguez, K. L., Sheeder, J., Kraemer, K. L., Day, N. L., Rubio, D., Jarlenski, M., & Arnold, R. M. (2019). Beliefs and attitudes regarding prenatal marijuana use: Perspectives of pregnant women who report use. Drug and alcohol dependence, 196, 14–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.11.028
  • Crume, T. L., Juhl, A. L., Brooks-Russell, A., Hall, K. E., Wymore, E., & Borgelt, L. M. (2018). Cannabis Use During the Perinatal Period in a State With Legalized Recreational and Medical Marijuana: The Association Between Maternal Characteristics, Breastfeeding Patterns, and Neonatal Outcomes. The Journal of pediatrics, 197, 90–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.02.005
  • Gunn JKL, Rosales CB, Center KE, et al. Prenatal exposure to cannabis and maternal and child health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 2016;6:e009986. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015- 009986
  • Koren G, Cohen R. Medicinal Use of Cannabis in Children and Pregnant Women. Rambam Maimonides Med J2020;11 (1):e0005. Review. doi:10.5041/RMMJ.10382
  • Sharapova, S. R., Phillips, E., Sirocco, K., Kaminski, J. W., Leeb, R. T., & Rolle, I. (2018). Effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological outcomes in children aged 1-11 years: A systematic review. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology,32(6), 512–532. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12505
  • Skelton, K. R., Benjamin-Neelon, S. E., & Young-Wolff, K. C. (2020). Management of Cannabis Use in Breastfeeding Women: The Untapped Potential of International Board Certified Lactation Consultants. Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 15(2), 117–120. https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2019.0272

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